Visitors to The Sanctuary are astounded by the remarkable variety of trees, shrubs, flowers and grasses that flourish in the sub-tropical climate.

This is despite the drastic impact of historical slash and burn agriculture activities. In recent years much of The Sanctuary’s vegetation has been returning to a more natural state. There are many vegetation types present including some open grasslands, large areas of Msasa trees and extensive wetland and open lake areas.

In order to guide and promote their return to a more natural state, interventions such as alien plant control, bush encroachment work, the introduction of important species and fire management have been undertaken. Areas like these also require a full suite of suitable animals to fill the niches and exert some grazing and browsing pressure.